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‘欧洲杯官方app下载’初中英语短语归纳剖析(六)

来源:欧洲杯2021app下载平台 发布时间:2021-05-01热度:
1. arise/ riseⅠ. rise “升起、起来”它表“起床”的意义时比get up 正式 ,但不如get up 常用。如:① The sun rises in the east. 太阳从东方升起。② The Chinese people have risen to their feet. 中国人民站起来了。③ He rises very early. 他起床很早。 Ⅱ. arise “泛起、发生”。...

本文摘要:1. arise/ riseⅠ. rise “升起、起来”它表“起床”的意义时比get up 正式 ,但不如get up 常用。如:① The sun rises in the east. 太阳从东方升起。② The Chinese people have risen to their feet. 中国人民站起来了。③ He rises very early. 他起床很早。 Ⅱ. arise “泛起、发生”。

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1. arise/ riseⅠ. rise “升起、起来”它表“起床”的意义时比get up 正式 ,但不如get up 常用。如:① The sun rises in the east. 太阳从东方升起。② The Chinese people have risen to their feet. 中国人民站起来了。③ He rises very early. 他起床很早。

Ⅱ. arise “泛起、发生”。它虽然可表“升起、起来、起床等意思,但现在一般不用于此义,特别是在口语中。

如:① A new problem has arisen. 泛起了一个新的问题。② How did the quarrel arise? 争吵是怎样发生的? 2. arms/ weaponⅠ. arms (pl) “武器”着重指用于战争的详细的武器,如枪、炮等。如:① The black people there have taken up arms to defend themselves.那里的黑人已拿起武器自卫。

② The soldiers had plenty of arms and ammunition!士兵们有富足的武器和弹药。③ Lay down your arms! 放下(你们的)武器!Ⅰ. weapon “武器”单、复数形式都用。它意义比arms 广泛,除指用于战争的种种武器之外,还指虽然不是为战争而制造,但可以用作进攻或防守的器具。

如:槌、石子等。此外,weapon 还可以用于借喻。

如:① The atom bomb is a weapon of mass slaughter. 原子弹是一种大规模屠杀的武器。② Look to your weapons. 当心你的武器。③ A foreign language is a weapon in the struggle of life. 外国语是人生斗争的一种武器。3. around/ roundⅠ. around 与 round 都可以用着前置词和副词。

Ⅱ. around “在……周围”“在周围”“循环地”。表静止的位置。

如: ① They sat around the table. 他们围绕桌子坐着。② I found nobody around.我发现周围没有一小我私家。

Ⅲ. round “围绕……周围、循环地”表一种运动的状况。如:① The earth moves round the sun.地球绕着太阳转。

② A wheel goes round. 轮子旋转着。[注]:这两个词现在可以通用,只是around 多用于美国,round多用于英国。4. arrive/ reach/ get toⅠ. arrive, reach, get to 均有“到达”之意,意义基底细同,但arrive(in)/(at) 与reach, 是正式用语,get to 是通俗用词,常用于口语。Ⅱ. arrive 是不及物动词,表到达什么所在时,后面应接前置词in或at, 一般说,到达一个大地方常用in, 到达较小的地方常用at, 但这不停对的。

(与所在副词连用时固然不用任何前置词)如:① He arrived in Beijing yesterday.② When he arrived at the stop, the bus had left.Ⅲ. reach 是及物动词,后面直接跟表所在的名词。如:When does the train reach London?Ⅳ. get to 只是较口语化。接所在副词时不用to. 如:① He got to the shop at 5:00 o’clock this afternoon.② When I got there, the film had been on for 5 minutes. 5. article/ essay/ compositionⅠ. article “文章、论文”通常指记叙文或论文。

如:① The article explains how the machine works. 这篇文章说明晰这部机械怎样开动的原理。② There is an article on education in the paper. 报纸上有一篇论教育的文章。Ⅱ. essay “文章、论文”通常指文学上散文、随笔、杂文等;也指学术性论文。如:① We shall read Lu Xun’s essays . 我们将读鲁迅的杂文。

② Can you write an essay in English? 你能用英文写一篇论文吗?Ⅲ. composition “写作、作文”。尤指学习语文者为训练写作而做的作文。

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如:① He is learning composition. 他在学习写作。② The students were required to write a composition in English. 要学生写一篇英语作文。

6. as soon as/ as early as/ as quickly asⅠ. 这三个词都有“尽快、尽早”之意。Ⅱ. as soon as 偏重于“极短时间内”。

还表现“一……就……”之意,引导状语从句。如:① I’ll return it as soon as I can.我将尽快地把它还给你。

Ⅲ. as early as 偏重于一天中的早晨或在限定的时间内再早点,以便能到达预期的目的。如:① You should arrive there as early as you can. 你应尽早到达那里。

Ⅳ. as quickly as 表做某事的速度很是之快或行动很是之敏捷。如:① Please read the text as quickly as you can.请把课文尽快读一遍。7. as soon as/ hardly…when/ no sooner…than Ⅰ. 三者在意义上基底细同,都有“一……就……”,“刚……就……”,但它们各有其特点。

Ⅱ. as soon as 最为普通,位置灵活,可在主句前,也可在其后。且可用作多种时态。

如:① As soon as I went in , Kate let out a cry of surprise. 我一进去,凯特就惊讶地叫了一声。② I’ll tell him as soon as he comes back.Ⅲ. hardly… when…的主句通常 用已往完成时,从句用一般已往时,when有时还可换成before.如:① He had hardly finished his homework when the light went out. 他刚写完作业灯就灭了。② Hardly had I come back when they began quarrelling.我一回来他们就开始吵了起来。(hardly 提前时,句子需要倒装。

)Ⅳ. no sooner…than…句型中, no sooner一般只置于句首,所以主句有倒装形式。如:No sooner had I known the news than I telephoned my mother. 我刚知道这个消息就打电话告诉了妈妈。

8. as well as/ as wellⅠ. as well as “也”“不仅…而且”意同:not only … but also具有连词性。① She is my friend as well as my doctor. 他不仅是我的医生,也是我的朋侪。

② Small towns as well as big cities are being industrialized. 小都会与大都会一样都在迅速实现工业化。Ⅱ. as well “也”具有副词性。大致相当于also 或 too . 如:He can speak Chinese as well. 9. as/ because/ for/ sinceⅠ. 这三个词都可以用作连词,表“原因、理由” 但有区别:Ⅱ. as “因为、既然”表现的原因或理由是显着的。

语意不如because强。当理由是显着的,或者被认为是已知的时,则以用as 为好。如:① As he was not well, I decided to go without him. 因为他身体欠好,我决议独自去了。

② As it was getting very late, we soon turned back. 因为已很晚了, 我们很快就回来了。③ As it is raining, you’d better take a taxi. 既然在下雨,你最好乘出租车。

Ⅲ. because “因为”表直接而明确的原因或理由。即一定的困果关系。在这几个词中,它的语意最强。

回覆以why 引导的特殊疑问句时,只能用because . 注意:because 不行以与so 连用。如:① He had to stay at home yesterday because he was ill.昨天他只得呆在家里,因为他病了。② I did it because they asked me to do it. 我之所以做这件事,是因为他请我做的。③ ---Why can’t you do it now? --- Because I’m too busy.Ⅳ. since“既然”比as 较为正式,说明为人所知的原因。

语气比because 稍弱。① Since light travels faster than sound, we see lightening before we hear the thunder.因为光比声音流传得快,所以我们先看到闪电,后听到雷声。② Since he can’t answer the question, you’d better ask someone.既然他回覆不了这个问题,你最好问别人吧。

③ Since you are busy, I’ll do it for you.既然你忙,我替你做吧。Ⅴ. for “因为”表原因或理由时,用以说明理由,只是解释性的。在这几个词中,它的语意最弱。

它少用于口语中,也不用于句首。如:① I asked her to stay to tea, for I had something to tell her. 我请她留下来品茗,因为我有事要告诉她。② We must get rid of carelessness, for it often leads to errors. 我们一定克服粗枝大叶的毛病,因为粗枝大叶经常差错。

③ It must have rained, for the road is wet. 一定下雨了,因为路是湿的。④ I must go now, for my sister is waiting for me.现在我得走了,我姐姐在等我呢。[注]:这几个词按语意的强弱来排,其顺序为:because—→since—→(as)—→for 10. as/ when/ while这三个词都可以用作连词,表时间关系, 但有区别:Ⅰ. as “当(在)……时候”往往可与when 或 while 通用,但它着重指主句和从句的行动或事情相并发生。

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如:① I saw him as he was getting off the bus. 当下公共汽车的时候,我瞥见了他。② As he walked on, he felt himself getting more and more tired.他继续往前走的时候,感应越来越疲乏。Ⅱ. when “当(在)……的时候”主句和从句的行动或事情可以同时发生,也可以先后发生。① It was raining when we arrived. 当我们到达的时候,正下着雨。

② When we were at school, we went to the library every day.我们在求学的时候,天天都到图书馆去。Ⅲ. while “当(在)……的时候”表主句的行动或事情发生在从句中的行动或事情的希望历程之中。从句通常为举行时态。它有时可与when通用,但它只能指一段时间(a period of time),而不能指一点时间(a point of time)如上面的第一个例子。

又如: Please don’t talk so loud while others are working. 别人在事情的时候,请勿高声讲话。While I am washing the floor, you can be cleaning the windows.我洗地板时,你可以擦窗户。

(资料泉源于网络,仅用于教学教研分享之用,尊重原创和所有权)。


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